how to take viagra in hindi. Environmental and Contextual Guidelines for High Rise Development in Mumbai City
The development of a city is highly dependent upon the vision of its stakeholders with regard to its ultimate looks and utilities. Mumbai city has struggled in the past from being an industrial city to a city with largest slum population. The changes in the city is reflective in terms of development being proposed by the planners and authorities.
Though market forces take control of many changes and development, the strongest influence of vertical development of the city which provides multiple levels of FSI for multiple reasons, is on the environment. The city with little open spaces, lowest road length (amongst large cities of India), highest population density and largest slum area needs to balance growth with the amenities and especially environment which is getting deteriorated rapidly.
The vertical development all around the city needs to look at these issues not only from environment point of view but also safety and security of population from fire, earthquake, terror attacks, diseases and climate change. Some of the other amenities which is critical for the development of the city is roads, pedestrian pathways, traffic densities, power, water supply and sewerage system to take up the loads created due to development. The first of few act as catalyst for such a development and therefore can lead to multiple development leading to extreme pressure on the resources, amenities, environment and people.
A high rise is defined differently in many countries, of which starting with more than 10 floors is very common. A major component of interaction of the building with surroundings starts with the base or podium. The base is the primary interface with the city context of the environment, street/roads, people, and other amenities. The upper parts are important for aesthetics, shadow effect, tunnel effect, wind and microclimate, glaze, birds and others.
Poor implementation and design of a high-rise buildings can be an unwanted addition in the area. The neighbourhood can get affected due to inadequately detailed design which can impinge upon pedestrian spaces, crowded roads, privacy problems, negatively change the regionai??i??s character besides contributing to microclimate impacts and environmental issues such as wind tunnel effects, shadows, noise, and air quality.
On the other hand, when properly done, all of the above problem areas can be addressed early in the design process. This would also provide an opportunity to rejuvenate the neighbourhood. A well designed and implemented building can positively improve the municipal services and amenities and positively contribute to the areas quality. The overall development should be able to add value to the city and not add burden.
Use of Guidelines
The guidelines are aimed at addressing high rises in mixed types of development and surroundings. The purpose is to integrate the development with the vision of the city which looks at more and more vertical development. Many of the guidelines can vary from place to place and in the context in which the development is proposed, however, in large number of cases, these can be easily applied.
There is also a need to simultaneously address through a separate study shich can be undertaken by the Municipal Corporation for an ai???area development planai??? and ai???vision documentai??? so that the context of development and actual Ai??development match. MCGM must be prepared to address this issue, as many places, a stand-alone description of a building may not be sufficient to address all the major issues discussed above. Integration of the development with the city infrastructure, environment and safety must be the prime criteria.
Ai??Purpose of the guidelines
The major objectives of these guidelines are to address:
- Understand the place and context of high rise development so that it is compatible with the existing or planned area development without adversely affecting the neighbourhood amenities of space and environment.
- Develop and strive to achieve pedestrian-friendly streets, easy accessible roads and public spaces that contribute to safe, healthy and homogenousAi?? communities
- Achieve an integrated parking, municipal services, utilities, resources (power and water), and connected communities within and around the site with a view to get mix of uses and open spaces that contribute to the amenities of urban living;
- Development of the city which does not disorient the microclimate, heat island effect, lower climate change impact, resilient design for sea level rise and other disasters.
- Development of vertical structure, which does not lead to elevated slums in the city devoid of amenities
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